Antonio Villavicencio

The facts were unclear and the inhabitants of Fe did not know very well what was happening because the versions were contradictory. In an important place of the Capital of the Nueva Granada a monumental home was armed because someone, an arrogant Spanish for older signs, refused to lend the vase needed to decorate the site that is offering an agasajo Antonio Villavicencio, a Commissioner of the Council of Regency of Spain. The matter began in a heated discussion but soon acquired dramatic touches and, at the end, was the trigger that Creoles expressed the discontent by long years accumulated against foreign authorities who then ruled the country. The popular movement imposed a Supreme Board, composed of criollos, which proclaimed loyalty to King Fernando VII at the time which claimed popular sovereignty as was stated in the minutes of the July 20, 1810. Historians agree that as the most important date in the fight by the independence national and onwards all generations of Colombians would learn to reverence the heroism of all the participants in that and the following days which concluded with the final separation of Spain in August 1819. Two hundred years of history marked by the ups and downs of a country surrounded by conflict and where there is a perverse and dangerous tendency to resolve these conflicts through the permanent and indiscriminate use of violence. Extreme violence was against indigenous peoples during the conquest; violence there against Blacks and indigenous people in the colony and a fatal violence was the main feature during the emancipatory gesta led by Bolivar and Santander. To more misfortune, the Republican era has also been marked by the rivers of blood that have run our Plains and mountains: in the 19th century suffered twelve civil wars since the confrontation between centralists and federalists in the Patria Boba, up dreadful war of the thousand days between 1,899 and 1902.

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